Civil Engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. Civil engineers basically design, construct, and maintain infrastructures such as railways, roads, bridges, dams etc. Civil engineers will always be in demand in developing and developed countries. as infrastructures are always needed in such nations.
Due to the constant need for infrastructure, there will never be dearth of civil engineers. In this essay we will discuss the several branches of engineering and also discuss the career prospects :
Construction Engineering : This branch deal with planning and construction of infrastructures. The construction engineers work in tandem with site development, transportation, structural, environmental engineers to create stable, long lasting infrastructures. The construction engineers are in charge of the field work or site supervision. They undertake not just engineering activities but also managerial duties.
Who Will Hire You : Graduates with this specialization can look forward to work in companies such as Larsen & Toubro, Tata Projects etc
Tentative Fresher Salary : According to Payscale they get as much as 4 lakhs per year.
Structural Engineering : Structural Engineers undertake the responsibility designing and analysing structures. The responsibilities of structural engineers are immense, since it is they who ensure that the infrastructures – railways, roads, bridge are safe and secure and will be able to withstand, vagaries of weather and time. and must be able to sustain in spite of climatic changes and disasters. They must ensure that the infrastructures adhere to the country’s safety regulations.
Tentative Fresher Salary: Payscale reports that freshers can earn upto 5 lakhs per year.
Who will Hire You : Graduates can work for public sector and also work for private sector companies like BPC India, Keller India etc.
Surveying : These engineers survey and level the land – to map and contour the terrain. They execute various responsibilities like locating property lines, bridges, channels, highways, pipelines etc.
Who will Hire You : Graduates can look forward to work at IndiaBulls Real Estate, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd etc.
Tentative Fresher Salary : Freshers can earn upto 3 lakhs per annum.
Hydraulic Engineers : These engineers are in charge of designing and constructing water structures like dams, canals, banks and other water distribution system. They are also in charge of making sure the water structures are built in accordance to safety measures.
Tentative Fresher Salary : Freshers can get upto 4 lakhs per annum.
Environmental Engineers : These engineer study, analyse and come up with practical solutions to important environmental problems and disasters. They are in charge of coming up with eco friendly designs, coming up with sewage and waste management systems etc. A subset of this type of engineering are earthquake engineers who analyse seismic forces and predict how structures will react to earthquakes.
Who will Hire You : Such engineering graduates can work with firms such as Team Taurus, Doshion Limited etc.
Tentative Fresher Salary : Environmental engineering grads can earn upto 4 lakhs per year.
Municipal Engineering : These engineers usually work alongside the municipality in planning and management of a locality.
Tentative Fresher Salary : Freshers can get up to 3 lakh per annum on metropolitan cities.
Material Engineering : These engineers determine the strength of materials used in construction – such as cement, brick and mortar. They work alongside construction engineers on infrastructure building.
Tentative Fresher Salary : Material engineering graduates can earn upto 4 lakh INR per year.
Geotechnical engineering : These engineers basically measure the strength of the soil and determine if they are able to tolerate the strength of the structures. These engineers will analyse soil, rocks etc and determine their capacity for accommodating infrastructure.