Posts tagged ‘engineering’

Why Choose BCA ? A Brief Overview :

BCA or Bachelors in Computer Application is a great option for those who want to work in the IT industry in a core role, yet cannot or does not want to pursue a BTech for some reason can go the BCA route. Let us look at just a few reasons at why BCA as a course simply rocks !


It Does Not Require Science at +2 Level : Unlike the Btech which requires Science PCM, BCA does not require science in +2/12th level. So even if you are a Commerce graduate and dreaming to study about IT and other engineering related subjects, you can take up BCA after +12.


Less Workload : Unlike engineering or BTech, BSc mostly comprises of core technology subjects. You need not become overburdened with several electives Physics, Chemistry  etc.


Shorter Span : BCA unlike BTech is only for 3 years. So you can quickly complete the course and enter the workforce early on.


Same Knowledge as Btech : BCA consists of many similar syllabus to BTech in Computer Science like many programming languages like C++ , Java, PHP, Artificial Intelligence etc. There are also many theory subjects like computer networks, database etc which will strengthen your core knowledge.


Easier Coursework : Unlike BTech BCA involves less amount of mathematics and more theory. So if you like theoretical learning this will be the course for you.


Lucrative Job Opportunities : BCA basically provides you the same job opportunities like Btech Computer Engineering/Sciences. You can avail of job opportunities like IT Analyst, Software Test/Developer, App developer, etc.


If you are searching for a high quality BCA program in West Bengal then you can opt for the BCA course offered by Brainware University . Unique features of this course include lucrative certifications from Microsoft, Red Hat and Oracle, hands on training in database administration, Java SE 7 etc and there’s exhaustive pre placement training where graduates are trained in several essential soft skills so that they can crack placement interviews with ease.


Career after BSc in Computer Science :

BSc or a Bachelor in Science in STEM subjects ( Statistics, Tech, Engineering, Mathematics) is a popular post secondary/hons/major subject for those who had Science in class 12th. In general, students who are more interested in staying at academic sector choose the BSc route over BTech as the former is a more academics/theory oriented and the latter is more technical course.  Bsc is a 3 year undergraduate course, unlike BTech which is a 4 year course.


Generally despite being similar in many aspects, the BTech and BSc courses have some fundamental differences. First of all, Bsc is more theoretical, though it covers topics such as computer application, hardware, it generally won’t teach you coding – something which you need good knowledge about if you are eyeing the IT industry. Whereas in BTech covers all aspects of computer science but along with this, you will also be given training in algorithms, coding and several programming languages.


However if you are keen on staying mostly in the academic sector then a BSc in Computer Science will be a perfect fit. Here we will discuss a few career prospects for those who have completed or pursuing BSc in Computer Science (Hons)


Career Opportunities : A CS or Computer Science degree basically enables you to work in the IT industry . The IT or Information Technology is one of the major sectors of India and is also one of the biggest employers. So people with degrees in Computer Science are eligible for a lot of lucrative jobs for the IT and allied industry in various roles such as networking, coding, hacking etc. We will discuss some of the career opportunities for BSc in CS degree holders.


Software Development : One of the main career development course of CS people is software development. CS graduates are often hired by mass recruiters, to develop software. Popularity of a software depends on how user friendly it is – how easily the viewer can comprehend the dynamics of the software. In order to get a job in software development you must have command on several programming languages such as Java, C, C+, Python, Perl etc.


Software Testing : Software testers basically work towards improving the overall quality of software apps. To be a good software tester you need to have in depth knowledge about the entire life cycle of a software product from inception to coding and designing. You also need to gain knowledge over tools like QTP, Loadrunner etc. Moreover some firms will also prefer that their software testers be certified in several certifications like QAI, ISQTB  etc.


Information Security Professional : According to current reports this sector is slated to grow by 120 billion by 2018. So a career in information security can be very rewarding to CS professionals. In order to be an information security professional you need to have certifications like Certified ethical Hacking, CompTIA Security etc. You can also go in for certifications like Certified Information Systems Security Professional to boost your resume.


Systems Designer and Analyst : As the name suggests, systems designers are basically concerned with designing and creating a safe network system. Systems analyst on other hand find out the faults in the current network system and recommend/arrange for appropriate software.


Networking Engineer : This basically involves identifying and curing troubleshooting problems of computers.


ISRO Internship : This is a particularly lucrative prospect for BSc or Bachelor in Science Holders. The ISRO stands for ( Indian space Research Organization) . In order to get you have to maintain a certain GPA . Also check their website for further notifications.


DRDO – This stands for Defence Research and Development Organization. This organization designs, tests and assesses various softwares, devices, subsystems used for defence of nation. Every year they recruit scientists from B to H level at different pay scales.


So as you can see, BSc in Computer Science is a lucrative field that has good career prospects both in government as well as private sector. So if you are looking for an affordable BSc in Computer Science course in West Bengal, Brainware University, Kolkata can be a great option for you. Located in Barasat, Brainware University currently offers BSc and Msc (Hons) in Computer Science. Special features of this course includes international certifications  in Microsoft, Redhat and Oracle, pre placement training – providing much needed soft skills/communication skills for engineers as well as practical workshops on all aspects of your discipline such as database administration, OCP/OCA, Java SE 7 etc.


What After BCA? Find Out!!

Nowadays, a bachelor degree is just the first step towards a professional career. Though having a degree makes you eligible for a great many jobs – especially those which is connected to industry demands a certain degree or an academic qualification, just a degree by itself doesnt make one more employable. One has to pad up one’s degree by an allied Master’s degree, or relevant diplomas and certificates. This is because here in India, the society is churning out thousands of graduate – most of which look identical on pen and paper. To most employers one CV looks no different from the other and you have to do something to distinguish yourself.


Today we will speak about some certifications you can pursue along with one Bachelor’s, known as BCA. BCA stands for Bachelor of Computer Application. BCA is a 3 year undergraduate professional degree which helps one to be skilled in computer application techniques. It includes subjects like data structure, database, core programming languages etc.  Once you complete this degree you are eligible for jobs such as Associate Technical Support Engineer, QA Internship, Software Development  etc. However just a BCA will not fetch you a job as you have to distinguish yourself from thousand other BCA graduates. Here are some certificate courses which you can pursue along with your graduation, which can make you more job ready, equip you with higher knowledge of your domain, enable you to seek out a specialization and make your more employable –


For Software Development Career : If you want to follow the professional trajectory of a software developer, then brushing up programming languages is a good choice.  Web Development has become a lucrative choice for many in tech field. For this you have to learn or brush up language like JavaScript, AngularJS for front end web development and  NodeJS, ExpressJS, Cloud for backend development. You can also get mean stack developer. You can pursue Java related courses like Oracle Certified Associate Java Programmer, Oracle Certified Professional Java Programmer and Oracle Certified Professional Web Component


Software Testing : BCA holders can also opt for certificates such as International Software Testing Qualifications Board.


Data Scientist : This is one of the best career option for those with STEM related majors. If you have an aptitude for Data. a knack for spotting details, then Data Scientist can be an amazing career option for you. Oft described as one of the hotshot jobs of the 20th century, data scientists analyse huge amounts of data  to gather business intelligence in order to get their firms a competitive edge. In order to qualify as a data scientist, you need to gather a deep knowledge about statistics, predictive modelling, algorithms, Python, Text Mining etc.


MCA or Masters in Computer Applications : This is a natural progression from BCA. A masters in the same field will enable you to gain more knowledge and also give you an opportunity to specialize in a particular field you want to.


If you are a +2 graduate wanting an affordable BCA course which has great faculty and placements or fresh BCA graduate , looking forward to an MCA or an MBA course which provides good placements then Brainware University, Kolkata can be a good option. Operating from a 9 acre campus, in Barasat, Brainware University provides 16 courses bachelors and masters courses in engineering, Computer Science, Managerial, Humanities and Pharmaceutical Studies.


This includes BCA, MCA as well as MBA courses. Our BCA highlights include international certification from Microsoft, Oracle and Red Hat. Brainware believes in making students placement ready from day one. So besides training students in core courses through state of art labs, illustrious faculty hailing from the IIT, IIMs Jadavpur etc, we also strive to make our graduates highly employable through an extensive pre placement training which polishes the soft skills and communication abilities of our graduates.


All About BCA :

Combine technical knowhow of computers (Btech) and some creative essence of multimedia leads you to the BCA – also known as Bachelors in Computer Applications which is an evergreen technical degree for those wanting to etch a career at IT or information technology sector.

So if you have a love for all things computer or CS, then choosing this course might work wonders for your career! Is BCA the right course for you? Read below to find out!

What is BCA? : BCA or Bachelors in Computer Application, as it’s name implies teaches students how to apply CS concepts to solve technical as well as technical problems in day to day life. BCA includes concepts like C and C++ programming, JAVA, HTML, PHP, CSS, Computer Graphics, Data Structures, SQL etc. All these will prepare you for a career at IT. One of the main advantages of BCA – since it is mostly a technical degree which helps you apply technical concepts to solve everyday problems – this course is guaranteed to make you ‘’job ready’’ .

Career Options : BCA is a highly sought after technical degree leaves you with a multitude of options. If you have overall good grades then you can get recruited by top IT firms such as Infosys, TCS, Wipro etc. You can also work as a software developer, SQL Analyst, Web Developer, Graphic Designer, IOS Developer etc. etc. If you acquire extra programming languages like Ds, Algo and how to programme effectively at Hackerrank and Hackerearth, then you can also be recruited by product based companies like Amazon and Flipkart. You can also get into big data by mastering languages like Hadoop.

So if you want to be job ready – i.e employable after graduation, a BCA from a good, UGC accredited University will let you find a threshold into your chosen industry. If you are a resident at West Bengal, then you might consider BCA course offered by Brainware University. Designed by industry experts, and available at affordable fees, this course makes you a tailor made candidate for current industry.

How To Ace Your ECE Exams!


Want to score high on your ECE semesters? Want to score those beautiful As? Want to have an aggregate/CPI  you can be proud of? Then read on!


Having a good GPA is important to all majors, especially in engineering . Many companies have a certain cut off which you need to satisfy if you want to sit for an interview. A good academic record is imperative to get into a good job at the beginning of your professional life.


So if you are planning to ace the ECE exams, read on…


Start revising High School Math Concepts : Believe it or not, first year engineering involves a lot of high school maths and science concepts. Some engineers neglect this portion – don’t be complacent – and keep in touch with high school maths. It will do you a world of good.


Conduct Strategic Studying : Mere ‘’hard’’ work will not get you good marks in college. You have to prepare in such a way, so that you clear the fundamentals and at the same time clear all the essential chapters  well before the exams. If you are an ECE student then you should start by focusing on the subject ‘’ Signals and Systems’’ which will help you when you start the subjects of Communication Systems and Digital Signal Processing in later sems.


Do an in depth reading on the subject Network Theory – which will help you understand the basics of Control systems, and diagnose circuits in analog electronics.


Coming To Challenging Part : According to many ECE grads, they struggle with the topics – Digital Communication and Electromagnetic Field Theory . In order to master the topic of Digital Communication, brush up the basics of  probability, signals and systems. You can refer to two books  by John . G. Proakis for the topic of Digital Communication, and the works of R.K Shevgaonkar for Electromagnetic Field Theory.  


Don’t count on mugging up, all nighters before exams etc. Instead count on studying and clearing a concept, mastering a basic each day.


How To Make the Most of Your Engineering Semester


Confused how to waddle through the ocean of your engineering syllabus, keep up with the lectures and weekly projects/lab work, network effectively with the faculty, and still rock the semester results? Read on!


Most of the professional and vocational education in India have switched to semester system. Earlier there used to be one year end examination held. But the semester system has multiple examination structure, where exams are held on each completed module/unit etc. Though semesters can be somewhat stressful for students , it pays off well as the syllabus get covered fast and the students are introduced to regular, disciplined studying. In this essay we shall cover how to survive engineering semester like a pro!


Start Planning  : If you fail to plan, you plan to fail. This is particularly applicable when you are facing engineering semesters. Have a fixed goal in mind – focus on some particular set of skills you want to develop as an aspiring engineer and work towards it. Make a separate plan regarding academics . Formulate a study plan which is convenient for you, and stick to it religiously. You don’t rush in a marathon of finishing the syllabus ASAP, but try to learn something everyday.


Smart Studying Key to High GPA : Many engineering students complain that they struggle to keep up with the vast engineering syllabus which are full of confusing theories, probabilities, paradigms, formulas etc. We would suggest : Rather than trying to mug all the information up, try to visualize the information, try to find real world/practical examples. maintain a different copy/lodger for formulas.


W For Workshops : The best way to learn about engineering is to apply the laws. A good engineer is not just one who knows his theories, but is also proficient in applying those laws to solve real world technical problems. If you are studying in a quality university, chances are that there will be plenty of workshops where you will get a chance to work on live projects. This will not just provide you hands on experience, but also add to your resume – will compensate from lack of working experience that fresh graduates lack.


Utilize Online Resources Judiciously : Many quality engineering colleges have rich online resources where students can address their queries and get helped by the faculty or by peers. This gives the students a great opportunity to clear up confusions outside classroom. For ex at our institution. Brainware Engineering College, we have online student’s corner where the student addressed their confusions regarding a chapter and their queries are addressed almost immediately.


Group Discussion: This is one of the best way to learn and remember information fast. In group discussion you can discuss questions and answer and clear up confusion with classmates and can also help a peer clear doubts on a particular chapter/question. This way you can effectively revise what you have learnt.

Top Qualities Industries Seek In Engineering Graduates

In this essay we shall attempt to discuss one all important question: What do industries and employers expect from young engineering graduates? This is one issue which troubles many a young engineer. Closely related to this question, is the issue of employment of these young engineers. This question is and will always remain very relevant to engineers as engineering and industry are very closely related. The industry thrives on innovation and invention which is basically the task of engineers. Engineers by applying the laws, theories and probabilities formed by the scientists make life for the non engineering laymen much more smoother and much convenient. The industry functions on efficient practical application of scientific theories and laws- which is primarily the duty of the engineer. Therefore the industry whether hardware, software , automotive etc has certain expectations from engineers. We will delineate these expectation one by one.


  • Polished Communication Skills : Unsurprisingly this is the number one requirement of the industry. Many engineers have adequate technical skills but their oral/communication skills are rusty at best, non existent at worst. They have poor English speaking skills, and struggle to speak and write English fluently. This often becomes a professional hindrance. This is because in most cases engineers does not just have to develop new technology, new apps but also demonstrate their utility to a wider audience – namely the clients.
  • Goes Beyond Book Smarts : Many employers complain that the engineering graduates are reluctant to step outside their textbook knowledge. Remember the basic duty of an engineer is to apply the laws of science in the most useful/beneficial way. Engineers are encouraged to think out of the box, as they are expected to invent and innovate. In a way engineers are much like artists and other creative people. They are expected to come up with creative/innovative solutions to different problems, visualize different possibilities to a situation and make them come alive. If you are unable to look beyond the book, then you will struggle to make your engineering career successful. This is because books are full of abstract theories and laws which cannot always be applied in real life business situations. When you are working in the corporate you need to keep track of a lot of other things like keeping projects within budget, making cost effective technologies etc.


  • Leadership Abilities : Another thing which industries expect from young engineering graduates is leadership abilities or assertiveness. Most engineers who are used to do projects do it under close guidance of professors and project supervisors. In the professional world, you need to develop managerial abilities. The corporate world do not just demand an able technician but also people who can manage and lead projects, innovate and help others innovate as well.
  • Get Up To Date : This particularly applies to those engineers who are employed in the software industry or IT industry. As mentioned before, the main job of the engineer is to innovate. So if you do not keep yourself updated with the latest trends/invention of the industry then someone else might well create the perfect user friendly technology, or that easy to understand programming language. You have to be aware, vigilant and uptodate with all the latest technological trends,


  • An MBA : This is directly related to the third point. As said before he industry needs employees who are not just technically adept, but has managerial aptitude. This is a reason why most of the engineers vie for an MBA  degree after gaining some work experience. Engineering trains you to be a tech wizard, how to invent, but an MBA is expected to help you learn about how to manage people, how to save unnecessary costs for the company by making cost effective business decisions, how to analyze plausible growth trends etc. So an MBA degree is considered an icing on engineering cake, by all industries.


  • Fluent in Foreign Languages : This is related to our first point. Communication. If you are fluent in more than one language, you will be considered an indispensable employee, as then you will be a major help demonstrating products and services to foreign clients. A lot many companies deal with overseas clientele and value engineers who are fluent in more than one foreign language.

Problems Faced By Indian Engineering Students Today :



One of the major problems millions of engineering graduates face in India today, ………is that there are way too many engineering graduates in India. Chronic unemployment has become an embarrassing issue, plaguing the engineering sector. One of the main reason for this persistent problem of unemployment among the young engineers is that there are way too many engineers in India.

The basic rule of economics demand versus supply applies here, the supply of engineering graduates, far exceed the demand (number of engineering jobs). So thousands of engineering graduates face an uncertain future by the time they graduate. Many engineers due to the lack of jobs often engage in professions which have very little to do with engineering like peon work, bank PO ( probationary officer), school teacher, BPO etc. This article addresses the ever growing problem of chronic engineering unemployment and will also share some tips on how to ameliorate this issue to some extent.

Lack of Practical Experience : This is in fact the crux of the problem. Every year a huge number of students graduate are just pen and paper engineers, – lots of theoretical knowledge with zero practical experience. Apart from the Tier 1 engineering colleges, most of the Tier 2 and 3 engineering are heavy on academics but give very little significance to practical learning or hands on training. There are little to no internships , industry visits etc. Students have almost zero industry experience, and their knowledge is limited to the books they have studied. There are too many CS engineers for example who don’t know how to programme and code efficiently.

Solution : The engineering colleges need to make the syllabus more profession or job oriented. With rigorous academics regular industry interfaces, and at least 3 internships should be introduced.

Outdated Syllabus : Unfortunately majority of the second and third tier engineering colleges follow an out of date syllabus. The students are not well versed in latest softwares, technologies prevalent in the industries. Obviously most of the IT firms are reluctant to hire such engineers who lack knowledge of in demand technologies. The companies consider these graduates a liability as lot of time and money have to spent in training them. According to reports most of the engineering graduates are unemployable. Many CS/IT students are virtually incapable of ensuring security in C code, and lack basic programming skills.

Solution : Update syllabus ASAP. Make the syllabus not exam oriented but industry oriented. Include advanced programming languages like Java, C, C++, Python, Ruby on Rails, etc

Curse of Rote Learning : The Indian engineering education system is exam oriented. Most of the 2nd and 3rd tier colleges discourages innovation and research, The students are made to quickly mug up thick tomes/books without understanding basic engineering concepts. Majority of the students study solely to get marks/pass exam and lack in depth understanding of basics of engineering.

Solution : Encourage more research and innovation in engineering institutes

Disinterested Students : Engineering after medical studies are considered by Indian parents as lucrative. Engineering courses are thought to be as ticket to higher pay packages in corporate world. Driven by this mistaken thought many middle class parents in India induce/force their . children to study engineering. Students who are not at all interested in the subject, take it up to pacify parents or due to peer pressure. As they are studying a subject they have little to no interest in, they yield average to below average results.

Solution : Education should be interest and aptitude oriented and not job oriented.



Waste-to-energy combustion

The history of combustion of solid wastes in the United States clearly demonstrates the controversial nature of this method of waste disposal. In 1960, a little over 30 percent of Municipal solid waste discards was burned in incinerators solely as a volume reduction practice. That percentage dropped rapidly during the 1960s and 1970s, reaching a low of less than 10 percent in 1980.


With increased emphasis on avoiding landfilling and with better incinerators that were designed to control emissions while generating useful steam or electricity, combustion of municipal solid waste has reached about 15 percent of municipal solid waste generation. A number of developed countries around the world rely heavily on incineration than does the United States, especially if they have high population densities. Japan , for instance , burn almost two thirds of its waste , while the incineration rate in Western Europe is roughly 30 to 40 percent.


     In the early 1990s , the United States had 190 municipal solid waste combustion facilities in operation that burned about 30 million tons of waste per year. By 2000, that number had dropped to 102 , and by 2015, it was down to 88. Those 88 facilities, however, were bigger and cleaner and they burnt more waste than those in operation in the early 1990s. Most of these are located in the Northeast and South, while the west has only half a dozen.


Incineration of  municipal solid waste as a method of disposal has a number of favourable attributes, including volume reduction, immediate disposal without waiting for slow biological processes to do the job, much less land area requirements, destruction of hazardous materials , and the possibility of recovering useful energy. There are also tradeoffs, for example, it is reasonable to question whether burning paper for its energy value, or recycling it to reduce the environmental impacts of virgin pulping is the best way to utilize the material.


On the negative side of combustion, poorly operated incinerators release toxic substances such as dioxins into the air. The ash recovered may be classified as hazardous material that requires special technological handling. Unfortunately, the public is generally reluctant to accept new technological innovations, especially if a facility is being proposed in their own area. There is also a concern for whether incineration is compatible with recycling. Once an incinerator has been built, a consistent pile of refuse must be maintained to pay it off.


There can be reluctance to expand a recycling program if it may reduce the fuel supply, and hence cash flow for the incineration system. In the general hierarchy of solid waste management, recycling is considered a better than incineration. So there are advocates who feel it is important to write into an incineration contract, the freedom to reduce the amount of garbage are provided any time, without penalty or other economic risk, when that reduction is due to an expansion in recycling.